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Pagan gods

The plagues of Egypt spoke against the various gods of Egypt.

Egypt had over 2,000 gods, but many of them had similar characteristics and appeared all over the country by different names. Almost all gods had one thing in common - they had a counterpart of the opposite sex and manifested themselves on earth through animals. Thus hundreds of birds, crocodiles, snakes, frogs, turtles, cows, cats etc. were considered to be the living images of a particular god and a natural and indestructible part of the environment in which people lived. You can read further on the religion of the Egyptians here.

Plagues of Egypt Egyptian mythology Yahweh - slayer of the gods
1st plague against the Nile. Turning it into blood. The river Nile (The source of life) By turning the Nile into blood and killing the fish (supposedly protected by Hathor and Neith), Yahweh was not only shaming these gods but showing that sustenance only comes from the hand of Yahweh.

Khnum - guardian of the Nile.

Khnum was the ram-headed god of Creative Pottery. He creates everybody's bodies on his potter's wheel, shaping the clay as it turns round and around. If you ever get dizzy spells, that's probably why.

His wife is the froggy goddess of Childbirth Heqet. When a clay baby is finished, they sneak it into the mother's womb and nature takes its course. Which shows that the ancient Egyptians weren't silly enough to believe all that nonsense about storks and cabbage patches.

Hapi - spirit of the Nile and god of fertility.
Osiris - god of the underworld, whose blood the Nile was considered to be.
2nd plague, of an immense number of frogs.

Heqet (Heket) is Ra's daughter and wife of Khnum. The goddess of Childbirth, she looks like a frog and is just as good at the spawning game. Wearing a frog amulet might help you get pregnant. Unless you're male. There's a strong possibility that she was adopted by the Greeks under the name Hecate.

The title of "Servants of Heqet" may have been a title applied to her priestesses who were trained as midwives.

She was thought to be the wife of Khnum, the god who creates men on his potter's wheel, and she gave the newly created being the breath of life before the child was placed to grow in the mother's womb.

These goddesses were powerless to prevent these symbols of life from becoming rotting piles of death.

Isis - goddess of motherhood, royalty and family commitment.

Her murdered husband was Osiris, with whom she became pregnant in a "funeral rite" and mothered Horus, a superhero god. Horus became the first ruler of a peaceful united Egypt.

Isis was one of the few Egyptian gods the Greeks took a fancy too, and she even went through to the Romans. There was a temple built to her at Pompeii. The cult became very popular and her consort Osiris was probably the foundation of the Roman God Serapis.

During the Cleopatra/Anthony affair, Cleopatra saw herself as the personification of Isis. With her departure, the Roman Senate did its best to demolish her Egyptian shrines, but you can't keep a good goddess down. By the time of Julius Caesar the cult was thriving and had its own festivals.

With the Christians she happily became identified as the Virgin Mary. The Armenian liturgy even retained the rattling sistrum sound. Penitents crawling on a symbolic search for Christ were only replacing the earlier devotees on the symbolic search for Osiris.

3rd plague of lice (or gnats or mosquitoes) from the dust of the earth.

Earth deities (e.g. Akhor)


4th plague of flies. Khepri - the scarab (dung beetle) god. A plague of flies shows failure of the dung beetle god to do its job of burying the dung, which stops flies from breeding in the dung.
5th plague on the livestock.

Apis - the sacred bull god. A god of strength and fertility.

His spirit was said to be present in the body of a real bull which was kept by the Pharaoh and looked after by his priests. At the end of the old year, the bull was slaughtered and its flesh eaten by the Pharaoh. It was believed that the Pharaoh would then inherit his great power. Each year the priests would search for a new bull (with very specific markings) which would then live a life of luxury until the ritual was repeated.

The birth of an Apis calf was a time for celebration among ancient Egyptians, since this meant that a living god had been born into their midst.

All shown to be imposters.
Mnevis - a bull-god symbol of fertility.
Hathor - the cow-like mother goddess
Isis (previously described) - she wore a cow's horns on her head.
6th plague of boils.

Hike - god of medicine, magic and medicinal magic.

Advisor to priestly doctors, who wouldn't even bandage a finger without consulting him.

These gods were impotent to protect even the priests from the power of Yahweh.
7th plague of hail Sky deities (e.g. Shu, Tefnut and Nut)
8th plague of locusts (brought by the wind).
9th plague of darkness. Ra - the supreme deity of Egypt, the sun-god Ra or Amon-Ra who was believed to bring light and heat to the earth.
Other sky gods - Horus, Seker, Khepri, Mut and Nut.
10th plague of death of the firstborn. Divinity of Pharaoh - the Egyptians believed Pharaoh was an incarnation of the sun-god and of Osiris, the giver of life. Yahweh alone had absolute control of life and death.