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Biblical Father-Son Types

"The Father is greater than I" (John 14:28)

Our use of the word "type" is found here Definition of "Type". Numerous Biblical "types" parallel the Father-Son relationship, having greater-lesser, outer-inner, and/or source-recipient characteristics. For example,

Types Son Father Notes
Joseph's silver cup Judah Jacob The punishment for taking the silver cup meant for Benjamin is taken by Judah.
Sun and moon Moon—"lesser light" Sun—"greater light" Solar eclipse, among many other parallels
Double rainbow Inner rainbow

Outer rainbow

Inner rainbow is 10 times the light intensity
Creation of Adam Dust of the ground Breathe of God Christ is the 2nd Adam. "Adam" is a word play on the Hebrew word Adamah or "earth". "Adam" literally means "to be red".
Adam and Eve Eve Adam Genesis 2:21-23; Eve was taken from within Adam—that is, from one of his ribs
Waters above and below Inner waters—rivers, fountains, seas Outer waters—present clouds Genesis 1:6-8; The Father sends the sunshine and the rain (Matt. 5:45); see John 7:38 on "rivers of living waters"
Diet before the Fall Plants yielding seed Trees bearing fruit with seed Genesis 1:11-12; Animals ate the 3rd category of food ("green plants", Gen. 1:30)
Diet after the Fall Green plants added Tree of Life removed Genesis 3:18,22-24; After the Flood, man could eat clean animals who eat the green plants
Heavenly fruit Fruit of the vine Fruit of the Tree of Life Matthew 26:29; Luke 22:18; Revelation 22:2
Healing elements Wine—from vine Oil—from tree Luke 10:34: "He went to him and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine."
Gold and silver Silver Gold Silver's redemptive theme in Scripture; Gold of faith and love
Table of showbread Inner crown Outer crown The inner crown held the 12 loaves of bread in 2 stacks
Testimony of the Son Came by water and blood Spirit testifies 1 John 5:6: "This is he who came by water and blood—Jesus Christ; not by the water only but by the water and the blood. And the Spirit is the one who testifies, because the Spirit is the truth."
Prophet and Priest Priest—speaks to God Prophet (Judge and King)—speaks for God 2 Peter 1:21: "For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit."; The priesthood is by inheritance and a ministry of water and blood. The priest is an intercessor, a mediator.
Born again Of water Of the Spirit John 3:5: "unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God"; Water baptism (=repentance)
Worship the Father In Truth In Spirit John 4:23: "the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth"; John 1:17: "grace and truth came through Jesus Christ"
Father's Promise Sent His Son Sent Himself—i.e. His Spirit At Pentecost the Father fulfilled His Promise of sending His Spirit (through His Son)
Begotten Son Begotten Son Bosom of the Father John 1:18 No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him."
Death and resurrection Death of the Son Resurrected by the Father The death on the cross was accomplished by the Son, while the resurrection by the Father. Romans 8:11
Our fellowship With the Son With the Father 1 John 1:3: "...and indeed our fellowship is with the Father and with his Son Jesus Christ."
Zechariah's crowns Of silver Of gold Zechariah 6:11-13
Love and faith Faith Love Revelation 14:12; John 14:15; Gal. 2:20
King Saul and Jonathan Jonathan King Saul 1 Samuel 19; Father and Son in the Old Testament Part 1
King David and Prince Solomon Solomon King David 1 Kings 1; 1 Chronicles 28, 29; Father and Son in the Old Testament Part 1